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Union Orders, Reports and Letters -- Mississippi




OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Page 442 - 443

HEADQUARTERS THIRTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
Oxford, Miss., December 20, 1862 - 9 p. m.

Colonel Hatch,
Commanding Second Brigade, Cavalry Division:


------ destroying thoroughly on your return all bridges on railroad and wagon roads and all mills on the line of your march.

By order of Major General U. S. Grant:

JNO. A. RAWLINS,
Assistant Adjutant-General



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Page 445

HEADQUARTERS THIRTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
December 20, 1862.

Brigadier-General DENVER,

Commanding First Division:

---------
The cotton marked "C. S. A." which you have seized upon you can send to Oxford or the Yockna Station, whichever point you send your wagons to first.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JAS. B. McPHERSON,

Major-General.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

OXFORD, MISS., December 20, 1862.

Major General J. B. McPHERSON,

Commanding Right Wing:

Destroy all the mills within reach of you and the bridges after you are done using them.

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Page 448

OXFORD, MISS., December 21, 1862.

Colonel C. C. MARSH, Waterford, Miss.:

Try to get messenger through north to all the stations where we have troops, and direct them to fall back to Bolivar, taking with them all they can and destroying the balance.

You will have to supply your troops from the country.

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Page 449

HOLLY SPRINGS, December 21, 1862.

Major-General GRANT:

Shall I endeavor to countermand orders to fall back from Grand Junction and to destroy property?

C. C. MARSH,
Colonel, Commanding.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) page 450 -451

OXFORD, MISS., December 21, 1862.

Colonel C. C. MARSH, Holly Springs, Miss.:

By all means, send orders countermanding any order for falling back from posts north of you.

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General.

(Note Grant does not say countermand order to destory property. GP)

~~~~~~~~~~~~
BETHEL, December 21, 1862 - 10 p. m.

General DODGE:

------- The latest from Holly Springs reports that town burned with its contents.

WM. R. MORRISON,
Colonel, Commanding Post.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE,
Oxford, Miss., December 21, 1862.

Brigadier General C. S. HAMILTON,

Commanding Left Wing:

---- In entering Corinth, if it is ascertained that communication is cut north, as large a supply of forage as possible should be carried in with the troops.

All mills on the route should be destroyed and the means of supporting an army carried off as far as practicable or destroyed also.

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION. Page 465

HOLLY SPRINGS, December 23, 1862.

General SULLIVAN:

Instruct all your post commanders to collect all the forage, beef cattle, and fat hogs in their vicinity belonging to secessionists, and have them issued by the commissary and quartermaster. Send some forage and cattle to Corinth immediately, or as soon as possible; they are out of rations.

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION. Page 479

COLUMBUS, KY., December 25, 1862-7 p. m.

Major General H. W. HALLECK, General-in-Chief:

Everything in the shape of public property, except some forage, is nearly out of the way.

THOS. A. DAVIES,

Brigadier-General, Commanding.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION. Page 485

SPECIAL FIELD ORDERS, HDQRS. RIGHT WING, 13TH A. C.,

Numbers 32.
Milliken's Bend, December 25, 1862.

The officer in command will press any number of guides, white or black, and may take any provisions, wagons, or carriages needed by his command.

By order of Major General W. T Sherman:

J. H. HAMMOND,
Assistant Adjutant-General




OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) WEST TENN. AND NORTHERN MISS. Chapter XXIX. Page 490
DECEMBER 26, 1862.

SULLIVAN:

What success did you have in collecting forage and subsistence? You had better collect all the bacon and meat from the secessionists in town to use in case of emergency. If they don't like the association of Yankees, let them move south among their friends.

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General.

(Middle of winter and Grant orders all the food taken.)



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 1 (Corinth) WEST TENN. AND NORTHERN MISS. Chapter XXIX. Pages 488 -489

Numbers 6.

Reports of Colonel Albert L. Lee, Seventh Kansas Cavalry, of skirmish at Holly Springs, November 13, and of expedition from Grand Junction to Ripley, November 19-20.

GENERAL: I have just entered this city and my pickets are polluting the "sacred soil" some 2 miles below it.

----
north of town, capturing 4 and killing 1 man. No loss on our side. Rebel infantry is below Tallahatchie; cavalry at Lumpkin's Mill and vicinity. I shall send there this morning. Lumpkin's Mill is 7 miles south.

I am, general, your obedient servant,

A. L. LEE,
Colonel, Commanding Cavalry Division.

(Not Sure how the land was polluted or why. GP)



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION. Page 545.


HOLLY SPRINGS, MISS., January 8, 1863.
Brigadier General J. B. McPHERSON, Holly Springs, Miss.:

As soon as all public store, sic, &c., are removed from Holly Springs ------

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General.




WAR DEPARTMENT,
Washington, January 4, 1863.

Major-General GRANT,

Holly Springs, Miss.:

A paper purporting to be General Orders, Numbers 11, issued by you December 17, has been presented here. By its terms it expels all Jews from your department. If such an order has been issued, it will be immediately revoked.

H. W. HALLECK,
General-in-Chief.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 30, Part 4 (Chickamauga) Chapter XLII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION. Page 330 - 331

HEADQUARTERS SIXTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
Memphis, Tenn., October 13, 1863.

Brigadier General E. A. CARR,

La Grange, Tenn.:

Send work to Hatch and Sweeny to press Chalmers to the sharpest extent; to destroy all bridges, mills, and corn-fields, from the Tallahatchie to Coldwater; to take all the horses and mules south of the Tennessee line and drive in all stock that can be available. Let the command reassemble from pursuit near Quinn and Jackson's Mill and report from there.

S. A. HURLBUT,

Major-General.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

HEADQUARTERS SECOND DIVISION,
In the Field, Hudsonville, October 13, 1863.

Brigadier General E. A. CARR,

La Grange:

I have just received General Hurlbut's dispatch directing me "to press Chalmers to the sharpest extent; to destroy all bridges, mills, and corn-fields, from the Tallahatchie to Coldwater; to take all horses and mules south of the Tennessee line and drive in all the stock that can be available, and to report from Quinn and Jackson's Mill."

-----------

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

T. W. SWEENY,
Brigadier-General.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION. Page 21


CORINTH, MISS., June 21, 1862.

Colonel W. W. LOWE, Fort Henry:

Act of Congress prevents officers from returning slaves to owners, loyal or disloyal. General Orders, Numbers 3, compels you to turn the negro out of your camp as you would any other vagrant. Negroes who have given you important information concerning the enemy will be protected. Negroes who have worked for the Confederate Government are free by act of Congress.

J. C. KELTON,
Assistant Adjutant-General.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 31, Part 3 (Knoxville and Lookout Mountain) KY.,SW.VA.,Tennessee,MISS.,N.ALA., AND N.GA. Chapter XLIII. Page 104 - 105
Maj. E. D. OSBAND,

Commanding Battalion Fourth Illinois Cavalry:

MAJOR: You will proceed to-morrow morning with your command, including the colored men whom you have enlisted, to Haynes' Bluff by land, where a steam-boat will be in readiness to ferry you across the Yazoo River. From that point you will make a scout up through the country west of the Yazoo and through the Deer Creek country, to break up and destroy and bands of the enemy whom you may hear of, and finally cross to Skipwith's Landing, where you will established your camp and recruit your colored regiment. During the expedition you will, of course, gather up what colored men you can, who are fit for the service, to fill up your regiment. ----------

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JAS. B. McPHERSON,
Major-General.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-UNION. Page 505 - 506

SPECIAL FIELD ORDERS,
HDQRS. THIRTEENTH ARMY CORPS,

DEPARTMENT OF THE TENNESSEE,

Numbers 35.
Holly Springs, Miss., December 29, 1862.

I. Foraging parties will leave for the use of families and their servants a sufficient supply of provisions for sixty days, and when families have a less supply beyond this if found in the country within reach of the army. This order is not, however, to be constructed to deprive the soldier of his rations whilst the country affords it. If suffering must fall on one or the other, the citizen must bear it. -----------

By order of Major General U. S. Grant:

JNO. A. RAWLINS,
Assistant Adjutant-General.




OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC.-- UNION. Page 421 - 422

HDQRS. THIRTEENTH A. C., DEPT. OF THE TENN.,
Oxford, Miss., December 17, 1862.

Honorable C. P. WOLCOTT,

Assistant Secretary of War, Washington, D. C.:

I have long since believed that in spite of all the vigilance that can be infused into post commanders, the spice regulations of the Treasury Department have been violated, and that mostly by Jews and other unprincipled traders. So well satisfied have I been of this that I instructed the commanding officer at Columbus to refuse all permits to Jews to come South, and I have frequently had them expelled from the department, but they come in with their carpet-sacks in spite of all that can be done to prevent it. The Jews seem to be a privileged class that can travel everywhere. They will land any wood-yard on the river and make their way through the country. If not permitted to buy cotton themselves they will act as agents for some one else, who will be at military post with a Treasury permit to to receive cotton and pay for it in Treasury notes which the Jew will buy up at an agreed rate, paying gold.

There is but one way that I know that I know of to reach this case; that is, for Government to buy all the cotton at a fixed rate and sent it to Cairo, Saint Louis, or some other point to be sold. Then all traders (they are a curse to the army) might be expelled.

U. S. GRANT,
Major-General.

(See also Kentucky page )



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) WEST TENN. AND NORTHERN MISS. Chapter XXIX. Page 178 - 179

HEADQUARTERS FIFTH DIVISION,
Memphis, August 17, 1862.

Major-General GRANT, Corinth:

----- Your order of arrest of newspaper correspondent is executed, and he will be sent to Alton by the first opportunity. He sends you by mail to-day a long appeal and has asked me to stay proceedings till you can be heard from. I have informed him I would not do so; that persons writing over false names were always suspected by honorable men, and that all I could hold out to him was that you might release him if the dishonest editor who had substituted his newspaper name to the protection of another would place himself in prison in his place. I regard all these newspaper harpies as spies and think they could be punished as such.

-------------- All the people here were on the qui vive for Baton Rouge and Nashville but there seems to be a lull in their talk. I find them much more resigned and less presumptuous than at first. Your orders about property and mine about "niggers" make them feel that they can be hurt, and they are about as sensitive about their property as Yankees. I believe in universal confiscation and colonization. Some Union people have been expelled from Raleigh. I have taken some of the richest rebels and will compel them to buy and pay for all the land, horses, cattle, and effects, as well as damages, and let the Union owner deed the property to one or more of them. This they don't like at all. I do not exact the oath universally, but assume the ground that all within our lines are American citizens, and if they do any act or fail in any duty required of them as such then they can and will be punished as spies. ---------

Yours, truly,

W. T. SHERMAN,
Major-General.



OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 31, Part 1 (Knoxville and Lookout Mountain)

GENERAL ORDERS, HDQRS, DEPT. AND ARMY OF THE Tennessee,
Numbers 4. Iuka, Miss., October 28, 1863. Chapter XLIII. CORRESPONDENCE,ETC.-UNION. Page 767

I. This department being an insurrectionary district, and the execution of the laws of the United States being resisted by armed rebels, every citizen is liable to be called on for military service; and, if so called on, must render it.

II. Every commanding officer of a fixed military post, or of an organized brigade or division of the army in the field, may impress any citizen whatever, and may compel his services in any of the old organized regiments or companies. If the party so impressed be a conscript, according to the laws of Congress, his name will be properly enrolled by the provost-marshal-general, and he will be entitled to all the pay, bounty, and allowances provided by law; but if the individual is not enrolled on the proper lists his services will be compelled till such time as he is no longer needed, when he will be dismissed. During the period of such forced service the individual will be entitled to rations and clothing, but no compensation, in the nature of a posse comitatus called out by a United States marshal.*

III. Every officer making such forced levies will report the same, with lists, to the provost-marshal-general of this department, to be filed with the Provost-Marshal-General at Washington, D. C., and will assign them by Special Orders to old regiments and companies. Their names will be borne on the muster-rolls of the companies to which they are attached, with a remark explanatory of the nature of the service, its beginning and ending.

By order of Major General W. T. Sherman:

R. M. SAWYER,

Assistant Adjutant-General.