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Confederate Orders, Reports and Letters -- Mississippi

OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 2, vol 4, Part 1 (Prisoners of War) CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. -CONFEDERATE. Pages 923 -924

JACKSON, MISS., October 3, 1862.

President of the Confederate States.

DEAR SIR: As I am not aware that the subject has been brought to your special notice I inclose herewith the letter# of J. T. Trezevant relating the facts and incidents connected with the murder of William H. White by the Dutch cavalry of Illinois [Sixth Illinois Cavalry], under the command of one Captain Boicourt. Whatever may be their example, the Government of the United States profess to be governed by the laws and usages in war observed and practiced by civilized nations. The facts recited in this case are so revolting to humanity, so grossly violative of the precepts of Christianity, as to place it beyond the pale of civilization and class it distinctly with the barbarities of the Sepoy or the North American Indian.

-------------------- Mrs. White, the mother of the young man murdered, is the daughter of a Revolutionary patriot.

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 17, Part 2 (Corinth) Chapter XXIX. WEST TENN. AND NORTHERN MISS. Pages 870 - 872

They met Captain Boicourt near White's, and all the mention he made of the killing of White is that "one man was killed while running from the advance guard." Subsequently, the mother and wife of Mr. White came to see me, and reported that, hearing the firing near their house, they went to the road, and assisted in burying the dead Confederate, and saw the body of Lieutenant Cunningham taken up by a passing wagon and carried toward Memphis; that soon after, Captain Boicourt and party of cavalry came to the house, arrested Mr. White, represented as twenty-three years old, delicate in health, and never a guerrilla, but, on the contrary, peacefully disposed and of Union' sentiments; but Captain Boicourt represented that he was concerned in the killing of Cunningham, mutilating his person and stripping it of money and clothing, the sight of which exasperated the men. When White was taken in custody, he was taken out through we yard, and, when near the gate, resisted, and finally attempted to escape, when he was killed, partly with blows and shots. The house of White was burned down.

The killing of White was the natural consequence of the shooting of Lieutenant Cunningham, of which General Pemberton makes no mention. White was a citizen-not a Confederate soldier or a partisan.

Major-General, Commanding.

(Lt. Cunningham a SOLDIER was shot 6 times)


Memphis, Tenn., November 18, 1862.
Lieutenant General J. C. PEMBERTON,
Commanding Confederate Forces, Jackson, Miss.:

----------------------------------- On the way out they met the dead body of the lieutenant being brought in, punctured by six balls, from which the story was started of barbarous treatment, viz, his being shot while lying on the ground. They also heard enough to connect the people of the neighborhood with this firing from ambush and mutilating their dead lieutenant,

(After reading forward a couple of pages, it appears that the matter died under threat of retaliation by both Pemberton and Sherman. No details of any mutilation found at this time.)

OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 45, Part 2 (Franklin - Nashville) Chapter LVII. CORRESPONDENCE, ETC. - CONFEDERATE. Pages 761 - 762

Corinth, January 4, 1865-9 p.m.
Brigadier-General CHALMERS:

-------- The major-general commanding directs me to say that Grierson has burned Grenada and is quietly wandering about destroying the country, and his object is to get between him and Memphis,


Assistant Adjutant-General

Brigadier General DANIEL RUGGLES,

Comdg. 1st Dist., dept. of MISS. and E. La., Columbus:

GENERAL: Since my last report, scouts have [come] in from vicinities of Bear Creek, Iuka, Jacinto, Saulsbury, Rienzi, and Holly Springs. None of them report any movement of the enemy in this direction.

Last Thursday about 500 Federal cavalry made a raid up the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, from Glendale, dividing at Iuka; one party went up to Bear Creek; the other came down to within 6 miles of Bay Springs. They stole all the horses, mules, and negroes they could find. Were at Iuka Saturday, and returned to their camp.


A scouting party of 100 in number passed through Rienzi on Sunday afternoon, coming from the direction of Kossuth, and returning by Daniels' toward Corinth. Two or three large scouts were in the vicinity of Holly Springs the first of last week; did not visit the town. They carried off the horses and mules from the farms when there were no preparations made to plant cotton.


Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 24, Part 2 (Vicksburg) Chapter XXXVI. OPERATIONS IN NORTHWESTERN Mississippi. Page 501 - 503
Number 10 Report of Brigadier General James R. Chalmers, c. S. Army, commanding district. HDQRS. FIFTH MIL. DEPT. OF MISS. AND E. La.,

Panola June 18963.

----------------The only public property which fell into the hands of the enemy was a few sacks of wheat and meal, a small quantity of corn, and a caisson belonging to Kerr's battery was left by the officer in charge. While in possession of the town they burned a church, the house which I had occupied as my headquarters, and some buildings off less value. On their return trough the country they carried off a considerable number of negroes, mules, and horses, and did much damage by during corn-cribs, gin houses, Mills, fences, wheat in the fields `and in granaries, and in a few instances dwelling -houses, besides being guilty of other outrages

I am, major, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JAMES R. Chalmers,

OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 31, Part 3 (Knoxville and Lookout Mountain) Chapter XLIII. KY.,SW.VA.,Tennessee,MISS.,N.ALA.,AND N.GA. page 574

Oxford, Miss., October 21, 1863.

Colonel B. S. EWELL,

Assistant Adjutant-General:

COLONEL: I am credibly informed that while the enemy's forces were endeavoring to concentrate against me in my recent expedition against the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, in addition to other outrages upon the persons and property of unoffending citizens, they made it a point to visit the houses in which I had had my headquarters, and, when they did not entirely consume, to injure them as much as possible by destroying their furniture and clothing, and wantonly wasting their supplies of forage and provisions.

These people had been guilty of no offense except that of extending their hospitality to myself and staff. In addition to this they burned the villages of Wyatt and Chulahoma (the latter without any provocation whatever), and desolated the plantations along their route, burning corn-cribs, &c., and driving off horses and cattle.

I have not been able to capture any of those engaged in the perpetration of these acts, but I would respectfully ask whether some means of retaliation cannot be adopted to prevent the repetition of such outrages.

I am, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 32, Part 1 (Forrest's Expedition) Chapter XLIV. THE MERIDIAN EXPEDITION. Page 343

DEMOPOLIS, March 8, 1864.

The following dispatch received from General Jackson, dated Canton, March 2, 7 p.m.:

-----Enemy destroyed railroad 8 miles below Canton. In the country, houses burned and provisions destroyed. --------


OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 38, Part 3 (The Atlanta Campaign) Page 688 - 696

Journal of Brigadier General Francis A. Shoup, C. S. Army, Chief of Staff, of operations July 25-September 7.

Memoranda of daily movements and events in Army of Tennessee, kept by Brigadier General F. A. Shoup, assigned to duty as chief of staff by orders from General Hood, dated July 24, 1864.

No records were turned over by former chief of staff, therefore the records of the office embrace only the administration of General S[houp].

Page 691 -692) August 20.-No change in our lines to-day; all quiet along our lines. Enemy threw a few shell into the city, killing 2 men. Enemy continue to complain of short rations; enemy in and around Decatur (Ga.) have stolen every particle of provisions they could find in hands of citizens. Their excuse for this conduct was that they have not had meat for ten days and were now living on quarter rations, coffee and crackers.

August 23.-Only a few shell were thrown into the city to-day. The enemy have employed a strong force of negroes to fortify Kenesaw Mountain and strengthen the works around Marietta.

August 24.-The news from Mobile is that Fort Morgan is in the enemy's hands. An early attack is expected on the city. The enemy have burned Abbeville, Miss., and have retreated from Oxford and Holly Springs.

OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 45, Part 1 (Franklin - Nashville)

Numbers 11. Report of Colonel J. C. Cole, commanding Infantry Reserves. Chapter LVII. EXPEDITION FROM MEMPHIS, TENN. Page 871

Okolona, Miss., December 30, 1864.

GENERAL: I have the honor to report that on the 27th instant I left Corinth, Miss., with a force of about 350 men, by Colonel W. R. Miles' order. -----------
At this point (Okolona) the tank was burned, but otherwise no serious injury to the railroad was done. All the business portion of the town was burned, and one private dwelling. --------

Very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Colonel, Commanding.
[General GARDNER.]